10 widely used pharmaceutical raw materials
Raw material medicinerefers to the pharmaceutical ingredients used for the production of various preparations, which is the effective ingredient in the preparation, and which is prepared by chemical synthesis, plant extraction or biological technology and used as medicinal powder, crystal, extract, etc., but which cannot be taken directly by the patient.
API is intended to be used in any substance or mixture of substances in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and, when used in pharmaceuticals, as an active ingredient in pharmaceuticals. This substance has pharmacological activity or other direct effects in the diagnosis, treatment, symptom relief, treatment or prevention of disease, or can affect the function or structure of the body.
The active ingredient of an agent. Only when raw materials are processed into pharmaceutical preparations can they become medicine for clinical application.
API can be divided into two major categories according to its source: chemical synthetic drugs and natural chemical drugs.
China is a big producer of API, among which the top ten varieties of Green Stone pharmaceutical raw material export include:
Naringincan reduce the brittleness of capillaries, protect capillaries and prevent microvessel rupture and bleeding. It is a treatment of hypertension and myocardial infarction drug as well as raw materials used in pharmaceutical industry. What’s more, it is one of the main components of proprietary Chinese medicine maitong.
Diomin has the same effect as vitamin P, which can reduce vascular fragility and abnormal permeability, and is used as an adjunctive treatment for hypertension and arteriosclerosis. Diomin was first isolated from Scrophularia nodosa in 1925 and first used as a therapeutic drug in 1962.
3. Chlorogenic acid
Chlorogenic acid is one of the main antibacterial and antiviral pharmacological constituents of honeysuckle. Chlorogenic acid has a wide range of biological activities, modern scientific research on the biological activities of chlorogenic acid has been in-depth into food, health care, medicine and daily chemical and other fields. Chlorogenic acid is an important biological active material, with antibacterial, antiviral, increase white blood cells, liver and gallbladder, anti-tumor, lowering blood pressure, lowering blood lipids, scavenging free radicals and exciting central nervous system.
4. Hesperidin methylchalcone
Used for whitening and removing freckles; For prevention and red blood silk repair products; Cooperated with vitamin C to be able to improve the blood flow of scalp capillary, be helpful for the growth of the hair.
5. Neosperidin dihydrochalcone
Neosperidin dihydrochalcone is a unique additive used in combination with other sweeteners for the improvement, enhancement and overall improvement of food and beverage taste, and has an excellent effect of shielding bitter taste
6. Citrus Bioflavonoids
Specific effects of Citrus Bioflavonoids on bioflavonoids: it can maintain normal osmotic pressure, enhance capillary toughness, shorten bleeding time, and reduce cholesterol in physiological metabolism. Used in cosmetics, it can resist casein enzyme to make the skin color change, and to eliminate skin diseases such as black spots, freckles.
Synephrine is mainly extracted from a fruit, Citrus aurantium. It has been published in the Nordic pharmacopoeia and the German pharmacopoeia. Synephrine is a natural stimulant in the 21st century, without any side effects and positive reactions, widely used in medicine, food, beverage and other health care industries.
Rutin can be used as an antioxidant and nutrient enhancer. Rutin has vitamin P - like effects and anti - inflammatory effects.
9. Quercetin dihydrate
Quercetin dihydrate can be used as drugs, with good expectorant, cough, and a certain antiasthmatic effect. In addition, it also reduces blood pressure, strengthens capillary resistance, reduces capillary brittleness, lowers blood lipids, dilates coronary arteries, and increases coronary blood flow. Besides, it is used to treat chronic bronchitis. To coronary heart disease and hypertensive patient it also has adjunctive treatment effect.
10. L(+)-Rhamnose monohydrate
L(+)-Rhamnose monohydrate is a kind of substance widely found in plant polysaccharides, glycosides, plant gels and bacterial polysaccharides. Its sweetness of 33% sucrose, can be used to determine the permeability of the intestinal tract. In addition, it can be used as sweetener, and in the production of flavor while it is edible.